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20131202
20131210
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. >> -- crumbled. >> i have fought very firmly. >> reporter: nelson mandela's given name in the south african language translates as troublemaker. it was a teacher who changed it to nelson as the young mandela grew up in a privileged home and first became a lawyer representing blacks who had been forced off their land but his nonviolent apartheid opposition ended abruptly in 1961 after 69 peaceful black protesters were slaughtered by the police in what became known as the sharpville massacre. >> there are many people who fear that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and nonviolence. >> reporter: mandela the lawyer had transformed to mandela the freedom fighter repeatedly challenging south africa's white minority rule until his arrest and conviction in 1964 on charges of sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government. and at age 44, the sentence was life. mandela would be 71 before the word would see him again. nelson mandela served one term as president and then retired from public life but continued to advocate for the causes important to him like the fight against
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